Bicornuate Uterus: Alteration of Paramesonephric Ducts
The uterus is a secondary sex organ of female reproductive system, responsible for developing a new life. All the necessary requirements for leading a new born life in womb are taken by the placenta but sometimes this proper and regular pattern makes a difference. The uterine malformation occurs and results into an irregular shape of uterus this irregularity could affect the child birth.
A bicornuate uterus is formed during embryo genesis. A bicornuate uterus happens because of abnormal development of the paramesonephric ducts. These ducts need to be fused correctly but they failed and the uterus divided into two projections, making the heart-shaped appearance of it.There are many degrees of bicornuate uterus, generally as this urogenital defect has no early diagnosis as well as it can only be diagnosed during the pregnancy of women.
The shape of a woman's uterus is significant when she is trying to conceive and also during her pregnancy. A woman with a bicornuate uterus may find her child in irregular position, which could affect childbirth. A bicornuate uterus increases the risk of a woman having a miscarriage in the later stages of pregnancy, and of her baby being delivered early. Child developed with the bicornuate uterus may develop with the birth defects.A woman is born with a bicornuate uterus but may not be aware of it, as there are no other symptoms or the symptoms do not feel like anything unusual, painful intercourse, pain or discomfort in the abdomen, irregular vaginal bleeding, period pain, repeated miscarriages.
A woman may never need treatment for a bicornuate uterus. If it is required, the surgery is known as a Strassman metroplasty.
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