Friday, 20 July 2018

Some Adults Dismiss Nicotine Risks to Kids

Nicotine can cause significant harm to children. The cluster of marketed tobacco products and reported cases of child-nicotine exposure have increased in recent years.

Given the changing in the landscape of tobacco products in recent years, the array of products through which children could be exposed to nicotine has been grown larger. Thus, it is specifically important to understand adults’ perceptions of the harms of nicotine to children and to identify any socio demographic factors related to inaccurate risk perceptions.

Although most respondents characterized nicotine as “definitely harmful” to children, there were notable subgroup differences. When compared with women, men had significantly lower odds of characterizing nicotine as “definitely harmful” to children.Most of them believed that it would be dangerous when a child is exposed to nicotine e-liquids, and many of the parents who used an ENDS did not have enough knowledge about nicotine-specific harms to children.

By giving the increase in array of sources of nicotine exposure, research is needed to examine adults’ perceptions of the specific harms of nicotine to children. Thus, with the recent study, we desired to examine whether demographic and/or behavioral factors are related to perceptions of nicotine harm to children. Perceptions of nicotine harm to children were assessed generally, regardless of mode of exposure.

The increasing use of ENDS and other non-combusted tobacco products in the US adult population presents new sources of nicotine consumption and exposure not only to the users but also to the children who live with them.

Based on the current findings, such interventions might target specific subgroups. According to the research based, the perceptions which harms the children from exposure to sources of nicotine (including cigarettes, cigarette butts, all types of cigars, hookahs, chewing tobacco, snuff, and ENDS e-liquids) and how these materials are handled and stored in the presence of children is needed to identify risk factors associated with such exposures.

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Friday, 13 July 2018

Effective Cold Remedies for Infants and how to treat them

Parents often head straight to the drug from their local pharmacy when their child gets a cold but treating kids with those medicines will be dangerous for the children who are below 6

The Flu is an infection of the nose, throat and lungs caused by the influenza virus. Children aged 2 years to under higher risk of suffering from various complications due to the flu, such as pneumonia. Hence, it is important to know how to cope with a cold on a baby! The common cold is characterized by the conditions of runny nose, sneezing, coughing, and fever. If the baby is experiencing this, the first step that needs to be done is to rest the baby longer. When the baby is rested, the immune system of the body is doing the natural healing process. Indeed, almost all parents will panic and anxious to see the baby developing the disease, even if just a runny nose. However, in fact colds are the common health problems in children and does not cause serious complications.
According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), children can be exposed to colds as much as 8-10 times in the first 2 years of life. Even in the one-year course the little one can experience 6-8 colds.

When You are thinking to soon provide cures colds baby for the little one, it is worth immediately hold yourself. According to the U. S Food and Drug Administration (FDA), drug runny nose is not required for infants under 2 months.

The same as other types of drugs, cold medications also have side effects that have not been able to face by the body of the baby. With the Doctor’s approval only the child must be given the medicines.

The Flu usually resolves itself within 10 days. To relieve the symptoms that occur during the healing period, here are some ways that you can do.

Nose Drops and a Rubber Suction Snot to a Baby

The baby cannot push the air out of his nose himself at an early age, especially as he is still breastfeeding. Therefore, the nose drops, and a rubber suction snot can be used when the baby has the flu.

Nose drops you can buy at pharmacies or made independently in the following way:
§     Mix 3 teaspoons of salt with 1 teaspoon of baking soda
§     Take half a teaspoon of the mixture and dissolve together in about 120mL of water.

While the it works is as follows
§     Prop the back of the baby's head with oblique position. You can help support him with your hands or with a pillow or towel.
§     Put 2 to 3 drops of saline solution or nasal drops to each nostril of the baby. This solution can thin the mucus in the nose.
§     After dripping a solution of the salt, hold the baby's head remains lifted tilted for about 30 seconds.

Friday, 6 July 2018

Pediatric Hypertension guidelines increases Hypertension prevalence

New clinical guidelines for pediatric hypertension resulted in increased prevalence of hypertension and improved sensitivity in detecting target organ damage among at-risk youth.

A revised classification table for pediatric hypertension has increased the estimated prevalence of elevated blood pressure (BP) in children and adolescents by 20%, new data show.
Further analysis indicate there is a clustering of other risk factors, such as obesity and dyslipidemia, among the youth whose risk is upgraded under the new guidelines, which one expert says is "somewhat reassuring."

Moreover, nearly 6% of children in the study (905 of 15,584) were reclassified upward under the revised guidelines, including 381 who had been considered normotensive by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute standards but are now considered to have elevated BP (368 children) or stage 1 levels (13 children) by American Academy of Pediatrics criteria. Further, 470 children previously classified as prehypertensive were reclassified as having stage 1 hypertension, and 54 who had been deemed stage 1 hypertensive were reclassified as stage 2, the authors report.

Patients fasted overnight for a minimum of 10 hours, after which body mass index was calculated, blood pressure was taken, and anthropometric, laboratory, echocardiography, and carotid assessments were performed.

Primary Hypertension
·         Predominant cause of HTN in US children
·         Characteristics include:
o ≥6 years of age; positive family history of HTN;
·         Severity of BP elevation is similar between primary and secondary HTN
o   Diastolic HTN predictive of secondary cause
o   Systolic HTN predictive of primary HTN

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